First of July

The Head Quarters

Wednesday, July 3, 1867 – pg. 2


 In whatever quarter of the new Dominion (now an established fact) a disposition to jollification or congratulation was evinced on Monday, it certainly was not in Fredericton.  In St. John they might attempt something: In Quebec, Montreal, Hamilton and Toronto, they may have done something; but the people here were in anything but a holiday humor.  There was a considerable display of bunting that fluttered in the high wind that blew all day, especially on the tall pole that stands opposite Phoenix Square, but beyond the fluttering of the flags, there was no sign to mark the day as a holiday.  A report flew about – and the superstitious drew fearful auguries from it – that the Union Jack at Government House had been carried away by the wind, a sign to be read of all men, requiring no interpretation by the dullest even.  A stroll along the front street put the curious on an easy method of ascertaining the sentiments of the merchants of the town with regard to the new order of things that day inaugurated, and their opinion of the Government in imposing on them a holiday, against their inclination.  Some few of the stores were closely shut, several were half open, and a great number invited custom as usual and opposed not a single shutter between them and the public.  It was reported in the forenoon that there would be a military parade, and salute firing in the afternoon on the race track field, but, about noon, intelligence was received that His Excellency, having been apprised that any display or demonstration would be distasteful to the majority of the inhabitants, had countermanded the order given that morning.  We cannot vouch for the truth of all the rumors that were abroad, but such things were said and believed, and no military parade took place as far as we know.  Some time in the forenoon a couple of Calathumpians, dressed in eccentric costume, with blackened faces, mounted on gray backs very much hacked, rode along the front street and passed below the string of flags that, suspended on ropes, hung across Regent street, and, in woeful mirth, made for the back part of the town, where they disappeared.  In the evening there was considerable stir on the streets, perhaps a little more than on ordinary nights at the same hour, and a solitary attempt at illumination, made ludicrous by its singularity, by few colored lamps swung on the rope drawn across Regent street, where all day three flags had been suspended.

To impose a holiday at this time has been proved to be a most ill-advised step.  Even the Confederates were in rather a sombre and reflective vein; they felt, to use a vulgar phrase, that they “had gone and done it,” and now that the thing was absolutely done, and their ardor had got a little time to cool, they experienced sinking qualms.  Some of the organs of the party have improved the occasion and lectured their readers on the new responsibilities that are thrown upon them by the new order of things.  Now that the Dominion is law, they can afford to tell them what it means (though there are few who did not know before) – independence, a gradual severance of the tie that cements them with the Mother Country, and the necessity of taking upon themselves greater burdens.  But we trust that Confederates and Anti Confederates will rise to the occasion, and now that Confederation is the law of the land, they will endeavour to make the best of it.  We are afraid that the Confederates will find themselves in a bad plight; their hopes have been excited so highly, so many dazzling pictures of prosperity have been set up before their imagination, that, in the natural course, disappointment and disgust will follow; as for the others, they are equal to either fortune, and are prepared for the worst, and only demand, as their right, fair play and fair consideration from the party now dominant.

The future may be full of hope, and it may give birth to great opportunities, but it is useless to shut one’s eyes to the fact that in New Brunswick there is discontent and indignation smouldering in many places, while in Nova Scotia these feelings are a-fire and in action.  Party spirit is rife in Ontario, while in Quebec there are questions to be settled that may call forth bitterest strife.  A calm review of the situation in calculated to produce serious thought and a temper the reverse of a holiday one.

1867, July 3 - First of July

Letter to the Editor, July 25th, 1867

1867, July 25, Letter to the Editor Yarmouth Herald

The Yarmouth Herald

Thursday, July 25, 1867 – pg. 2

 Would you kindly allow me space to correct “Union” as copied in your last week’s number.  He has noticed an extract from my speech on the first of July in the Court House in the following words – “Show our contempt for the Queen’s proclamation by not sending any body to Ottawa.”  What I said was – “Queen Victoria had no more right to proclaim me a Canadian than I had to say she should be French.”  He seems to have drawn on his imagination for his veracity and on his memory for his slang and wit:  his base insinuation is beneath contempt.  He seems to have Hatfield on the brain, especially “Sam.”  His eminent hereditary lying propensity will most assuredly disqualify him from being what he apparently is ambitious of – an informer.  No “my boy.”  Pimp is evidently your natural occupation.

– J.K. Hatfield

Liverpool Transcript, Monday July 8, 1867

1867, July 8 - Liverpool Transcript

Liverpool Transcript

Monday, July 8, 1867 – pg. 2

Monday last was proclaimed by the Lieut. Governor of this Province a public holiday.  As such it was not generally observed in this town.  All the stores except one was open, and that one was only closed in the afternoon.  At 9 o’clock in the morning Trinity Church bell was rung for a Parish meeting, and the sexton’s of the other churches supposing that it was ushering in the new Dominion, commenced chiming the different bells and a merry peal was rung out to the amusement of some and annoyance of others.  A few flags were thrown to the breeze, and one at half-mast, union down.  Not a flag was flying from the shipping, and there were lying in port five of the finest barques owned in the place.  In the evening several houses were handsomely illuminated, and Mr. Campbell’s across the river presented a very fine appearance.  We understand a flag was hoisted at Milton and as it was regarded an act of discourtesy to that community it was shot down at noon.  Queen’s county is two-thirds Anti-confederate and as such she will throw her vote at the next election.

Down with Confederation! Forward to Repeal and Liberty!

Down with confederation - 1886 small


Forward to Repeal




At midnight – nineteen years ago, we were sold into Canadian bondage, by traitors, who have received as a reward fat offices and high places.  For two years we agitated for a repeal, and one of England’s greatest statesmen and philanthropic Christians, backed up by nearly ninety members of the British Parliament, demanded that we should be released.  We were urged then by the home government to give Confederation a fair trial, and were promised if we found that it did not work satisfactorily we should be let out; and we were also solemnly promised, amongst other things, that a protective policy should not be introduced, or the tariff increased; that the Dominion expenditure should not exceed eleven or twelve millions yearly; that our burdens would not be increased; and that the most abundant prosperity, happiness, and content would descend upon and rest with us.

Influenced by these persuasions and glowing promises, the leaders of our then Repeal agitation unwisely yielded, and we, much against our will, consented to give Confederation a fair trial.

 We have given it a fair trial for nineteen years, and as a result there cannot be found an honest, intelligent man in our Province to-day but will admit that the consequences to us have been most disastrous and ruinous.  Before Confederation the duties were only 10 percent, now we have to pay from 20 to 60.  Before Confederation our Province was prosperous and contented, to-day we find our prosperity vanished and our people restless and impoverished.  Before Confederation we had $25,000 yearly to expend upon our roads and bridges, now we have about $5,000.  The Dominion expenditure has run up from the promised $11,000,000, to the enormous sum of $35,000,000 annually; of which Lunenburg County has to pay every year something over $203,000, or about 7$ for every man, woman, and child in it.  The public debt has reached the astounding figure of $300,000,000, of which this County’s share is $1.740,000.  Millions and tens of millions of dollars of the money dragged out of us by high taxation and duties are yearly squandered in the North-West, where dishonest and designing politicians make fortunes out of the Government in a single day.  The Ministers, Officials and Senators at Ottawa live amidst the most unbounded luxury: while we find it impossible to obtain for our public works and needs more than a mere pittance.

Every promise made to us has been violated and totally disregarded.  We are upon the verge of financial ruin.  Our Local Government cannot – even by practising the strictest economy – carry on the public business with the small sum at its disposal.  Nearly two million dollars is each year wring out of us more than we get back in any way.  Our trade with the United States – our natural market – has been choked off, and we are forced to deal with the Canadians, who will have nothing from us but cash in return for their goods and wares which they glut our markets.

In view of these and many other evils our Local Government last session adopted strong resolutions asking for a Repeal of Confederation, and they determined to run this Election upon that question, in order that the people may be given an opportunity to express their convictions.  Messrs. CHURCH and ROSS are the Repeal candidates.  They are determined, if re-elected, to use every effort to get our fair Province out of this Confederation, which has only brought us ruin and disgrace; and it is the bounden duty of every honest man, regardless of his politics, who loves his country and his fireside, who cares for the welfare of his loved ones, and wished to retain his self respect and the good opinion of his fellow men, to go to the polls on the 15th of June and deposit his ballot in favor of C. E/ CHURCH and G.A. ROSS, and thus attest his condemnation of the matter in which we have been treated.




This is not an ordinary Election, but one the result of which will seal our future one way or the other, therefore






Yours sincerely,


To the Electors of the County of Digby

The Yarmouth Herald

Thursday, July 4, 1867



At the request of many of my former supporters, I have consented to offer as a Candidate for the representation of this County in the Confederate Parliament at Ottawa.

My views against Confederation, and the injustice of forcing it upon this Province, despite the known wishes of a large majority of the people, are before you all, having been expressed at Public Meetings, and promoted with the best of my humble influence.  My honest conviction that the main end and scope of that scheme was the aggrandizement of Canada at the expense of the Maritime Colonies, has not been weakened by the application of the very name of Canada to the whole Confederacy, in a disregard not only of the feelings of the people of Nova Scotia, but indeed of all loyal and British considerations, which might have prompted a selection more appropriate as well as less insulting to us under the circumstances.  All parties however will agree that if this measure has really been effected beyond repeal, it will be the duty of our people to elect such men as will be the most likely by their independence of Canadian influence, and by their freedom from such party ties or predilections as may tend adversely to the feelings and interests of this Province, as well as by their energy, wisdom and patriotism to protect our interests as far as they can be protected in a parliament where we are represented by but 19 members out of 181, and at the same time to promote, if possible, the peace and harmony of British North America, and in moulding its institutions and shaping its destinies to secure the future prosperity and happiness of every portion of it.  This view of the case inclines me to shrink from the grave responsibility I am seeking to assume, and if any Candidate should present himself better qualified than I am to advocate your rights with force and effect, on the floors of that large Assembly, I should be gratified at his election.  but if on the other hand I should be honored with a majority of your votes, I should steadily keep in view the following objects:  I should resist any proposition to impose a direct tax upon the Provinces, which may be attempted as an offset to the delusive guarantee of 80 cents per head out of the Confederate revenues.  I should contend for the effectual protection of our fisheries, the importance of which Canadian Statesmen have already shown a disposition to ignore.  I should urge the granting of Liberal bounties to our fishermen, and endeavour, if possible, to secure for them more extended markets: and I should oppose the imposition of any burdensome tax on Flour, which Canadian interests might demand to the injury of the poorer classes of our population.

Moreover, for every dollar it may be proposed to expend on Canadian Railways and Canals, I should demand another towards the extension of the Halifax and Annapolis Railway to Digby, and through Weymouth and Clare to Yarmouth, until the latter place shall have become as it were a southern terminus for the great inter-colonial road, connecting us with the far West: a demand, the justice and reasonableness of which, if properly enforced, ought to secure it a favorable hearing among Legislators who have obtained the control of, and propose to expend, all our present and future revenues as well as their own.  Finally, whatever share might fall to my lot in the framing of that new code of laws on so many comprehensive and important subjects, I should not for a single moment lose sight of the peculiar wishes, views and interests of my native Province.

On the above considerations I respectfully solicit your suffrages, and remain yours faithfully.


Digby, April 11, 1867

1867, July 4 - To the Electors of the County of Digby, Yarmouth Herald

First of July Demonstrations

The Yarmouth Herald

Thursday, July 4, 1867


Monday last, 1st July, was the birthday of the Canadian Dominion.  It was proclaimed by the Lieut. Governor of the Province as a public holiday, and to some extent was observed in this town as such, but by no means as a day of rejoicing.

Throughout the day, numerous flags were displayed at half-mast, some of them draped in mourning.

There was a burlesque celebration in the morning, more particularly referred to below.

 A few persons, at the head of whom were some militia officers, numbering perhaps a dozen in all (about half of them comparative strangers in Yarmouth), between 12 and 1 o’clock fired a salute of 18 rounds from two guns mounted near the head of Central Wharf.  Respecting this affair, which has given rise to unpleasant feelings in the community, we refrain at present from comment – especially as we intend to publish in our next a communication on the subject received too late for this issue – except to remark that, in the existing state of public sentiment, it was generally regarded as an act of discourtesy (to use a mild term) to the community, which was in no mood for demonstrations of rejoicing.

In the country, so far as we have learned, those who had flags displayed them at half-staff, and in several localities, the men wore black weeds on their hats.  Nowhere have we heard any sign of rejoicing.

An effigy of Dr. Tupper was suspended by the neck all the afternoon on the spot known as the “Devil’s Half Acre” at Milton, andin the evening was burnt side by side with a (?) rat.  Another effigy of Dr. Tupper was burnt on the Parade about the same time.

In the afternoon a public meeting was held at the Court House, at which the feelings of the people in reference to the great feature of the day were pretty freely manifested.

 But the prevailing gloom was to some extent relieved in the early morning by the Burlesque Celebration and Procession got up by a number of the young men.  It represented the Confederation leaders in appropriate costume.  We can furnish only a very imperfect description:

Leading off, was a dilapidated wagon containing the musicians, denominated the “Ottawa Band.”  They discoursed passages from the “Last Lay of Nova Scotia.” “On to Ottawa,” and D’Arcy McGee’s “Big Army March,” with excruciating effect.

Next in order came the great M.D., seated in a “Medical Cut-under” and readily recognized by the motto “Nova Scotia Lyre,” directly underneath being the insignia of his office labelled “Poison Bag.” flanked on either side by bunches of rhubarb.

Then came Jonathan, mounted on a steed labelled on one side the “War Horse” amd on the other “Baron Munchausen.”

He was followed by the “Briber General,” “Arichat Turncoat” and a “Bilious Subject,” the latter personages looking as if he had recently been “on a bender.”  Bottles labelled “Canada Whiskey” were very conspicuous.

The Banner of the Profession was an original and laughable representation of the Canadian flag – a Beaver mounted on two bottles of whiskey, and on the reverse side a striking illustration of the Confederate maxim, “Union is strength,” being the spectacle of four cats tied together by the tails, and one of them, representing Nova Scotia, making violent efforts to extricate herself from the tails of U.C. and L.C., while N.B. is not quite contented with such an exhibition of disunion.

Next in order were the “Government Favorites” and “New Appointment” consisting of several old women who may be taken as a fair sample of some of the “appointments” recently made by our patriotic Government.

But perhaps the most amusing part of the procession was a detachment in imitation of McGee’s imaginative Grand Army of the Dominion.  It consisted of two Companies of Artillery, with two carronades cast in 1812 surmounted by a motto declaring them to be a contingent of 50,000 strong.  Their leader was an officious Colonel mounted on a donkey and arrayed in total disregard of the material regularity so often exhibited by our militia officers.

1867, July 4th, Yarmouth Herald

A Fizzle

Morning Chronicle

Halifax, July 2, 1867 – pg. 2


The Confederates are, doubtless, well satisfied with the celebration of yesterday, and the Anti-Confederates have no reason to be displeased.  The whole strength of the former was put forth to make a great demonstration, and we do not exaggerate when we say that they failed lamentably.  For weeks they had been drumming up support around the city: they had buttonholed and bored citizens, and even conjured them if they set no value on the Union, to oblige their personal friends by taking part in the festivities of the day.  All sorts of influence had been brought o bear upon various societies to induce them to march in a grand procession.  They had been called upon in the name of religion; they had been urged by ledger arguments, yet these powerful appeals failed to produce any marked effect.  The procession, which we may safely call the principal feature of the day’s rejoicing, was a good one, that is about six hundred people, including a large number of boys and girls, took part in it, and flags were borne, and bands played, and hats of decided rustiness were waved in the air by those who thus chose to exhibit themselves gratis to the public.  About six hundred people – as many as have occasionally attended a decent funeral in the city – were all that could be scraped up to join in this great display.  Six hundred out of a population of more than thirty thousand in the city alone, all of whom, together with the men of Dartmouth, had been invited to attend.  And who were the six hundred?  Were they in general composed of the thinking portion of the community?  Were they the voters upon whom depend the decision to be made here at the elections?  They were not.

We have no wish to detract from the standing of many of the men in that procession, or speak unkindly of them, for among them were reputable men, industrious and sober workers, whom we felt sorry to see engaged in rejoicing over the accomplishment of a disastrous measure forced upon their fellows-countrymen, and equally upon themselves.  We had imagined that to deny the people’s right to govern their own country, and dispose of their own revenues as they pleased, was an insult to the people: we find that there are a few who think differently, we find that there are a few content to pocket a gross affront, and thank those who offered it.  But we are pleased to discover, from this procession, that if such exists in our midst, they are few.  Of the valiant six hundred, fifty or sixty were children, who, as a matter of course, knew nothing but that their holiday had been made a day of torture to them by being dragged through the dusty street under a broiling sun.  Women, too, there were among the trades, who, it is no libel to say, were not well posted in the details of the Union scheme, and who were far better fitted to judge the beauties of a gaudy print than those of the action of our legislators.  Voteless persons too, were decidedly in the ascendant.  Of the six hundred, we know that one-half, at least, were non-electors; and we believe we could not be accused of exaggerating if we stated that scarce one hundred and fifty of them were voters.  And how were the trades represented?  The carpenters did not muster one-fifth of their members, and we may say the same of nearly every other trade.  The Catholic Total Abstinence and Benevolent Society turned out not more, we believe, than one-fourth, or at most one-third of its numbers; and the private citizens who formed the tail of the procession were chiefly made up of Government hangers-on and candidates for office, the whole numbering, we suppose, from one hundred to one hundred and fifty.

 We do believe that even of the numbers who walked, there were many Anti-Unionists from conviction.  But all were obliged to follow the lead given by their employers, or by others on whom they had been dependent for occasional assistance in business.  Such was the great procession fizzle, the result of weeks of labor – labor continued even through the Lord’s Day.  If any Anti-Unionist wish for comfort, this display would supply it.

There were other features about the day’s celebration which must have astonished the Union men.  There was not one flag displayed to every fifty houses; there were empty flagstaffs to be seen in all directions; and to show the general disgust of the day and the occasion of its observance, we may instance that in one of the most populous parts of the city – Water street from West’s wharf to Dewolf’s – a distance of nearly half a mile – but two flags were displayed.

Many of the stores in the city were closed.  Anti-Unionists, as well as their opponents, took advantage of the holiday, as the day fell in a comparatively dull season, and promises of wonderful exhibitions had been made.  Many however, (we suppose nearly one-half) of the stores were doing business: showing unmistakeably that it required something more than a proclamation to compel men to rejoice, or even to put on the semblance of doing so, over the destruction of the liberties of their country.

With this demonstration we have every reason to be well content.  It has shown plainly upon how small a foundation have been built the Unionist boastings.  They have striven energetically to show their strength, – they have succeeded in manifesting their weakness.  They have endeavored to overawe the people, – they have succeeded in being laughed at.  They will, we have no doubt, continue to pretend that they have hopes of winning the county of Halifax; but henceforth they will find among their own ranks few believers, and fail to cause the slightest doubt of complete triumph in the minds of their opponents.


The accounts which reach us from the country generally are most encouraging, and up to this time we cannot see any reason for altering our opinion, previously expressed, that each and every county in Nova Scotia will return an Ottawa representative opposed to the scheme of Union lately forced upon us.

From Cumberland particularly we learn that the Canadian party have no chance of again misrepresenting Nova Scotia.  Messrs. Howe, Annand and Purdy are now making a tour through the County, and meet with scarcely a show of opposition.  Meetings have already been held by the “People’s Party” at Parrsboro’, Advocate Harbor, Port Greville and Maccan, at all of which places the speakers were enthusiastically received.  Mr. Howe has challenged Dr. Tupper to meet him at Amherst Court House on Wednesday next, at 11 o’clock, when there will probably be an immense gathering.  We are informed that the prospects of the Nova Scotia Party are excellent, and nothing but bribery on a gigantic scale can possibly carry the County for Tupper.

1867, July 2nd, Morning Chronicle